Global DKIM Deployment
41.5%

500 sites tested
1 DNS error
207 with DKIM

China
13.8%

500 sites tested
1 DNS error
69 with DKIM

Germany
33.5%

500 sites tested
1 DNS error
167 with DKIM

Finland
33.5%

500 sites tested
2 DNS errors
167 with DKIM

India
34.5%

500 sites tested
2 DNS errors
172 with DKIM

IETF
19.3%

3085 sites tested
286 DNS errors
541 with DKIM

South Korea
21.4%

500 sites tested
1 DNS error
107 with DKIM

United Kingdom
39.1%

500 sites tested
1 DNS error
195 with DKIM

United States
49.7%

500 sites tested
1 DNS error
248 with DKIM

What do these numbers mean?

This experiment attempts to answer the following question: If an average user had a working installation of DKIM on their machine, how useful would it be to them? What percentage of the services and sites the average user regularly accesses are DKIM-enabled? In other words, the experiment attempts to quantify the usefulness of DKIM to the average end user, given the current deployment of DKIM in the Internet.

The experiment does not track how many users or hosts use DKIM in the current Internet. It also does not track how many sites have configurations of DKIM that are not accessible by average users from the Internet.

DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) is an email authentication system designed to verify the DNS domain of an email sender and the message integrity. Note that these statistics will also include deployments of the historic DomainKeys system.

The IETF statistics are based on a list of domain names that are derived from the email addresses of currently-active document authors of Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) documents. This data set was included to investigate if the organizations that IETF authors come from are more progressive in deploying DKIM, compared to the rest of the Internet.

How are these numbers generated?

The scripts that update this page retrieve the names of the web sites that are most popular across the globe, as well as in select countries, from alexa.com in regular intervals. They then check whether the DNS entry for each site name reflects that it uses DKIM. The numbers above show the percentage of these top sites that are DKIM-enabled, as well as the absolute numbers.

Note that although the DNS entry for a site may indicate that DKIM is available, this does not necessarily mean that actually using DKIM with the site will succeed. I’ll eventually add code to verify that DKIM can be used with sites that claim to enable it.

How representative are these numbers?

They’re reasonably representative, but not perfect. One issue is that the sample sets are very small; alexa.com typically offers lists of 100 to 500 top sites for free, depending on the country. More importantly, though, the sample sets are derived from web site names, because that’s all alexa.com offers. It is not clear that checking DKIM deployment based on a set of web site names is resulting in numbers that represent deployment of DKIM in the broader Internet.

Attention, operators: I’m interested in basing these statistics on a more meaningful data set. If you can provide me with a regularly-updated list of most-frequently-looked-up DNS names – or, for SPF or DKIM, a list of the domains that generate the most inbound email – please contact me at please enable javascript to view . The larger your network and the longer the list, the better.

How have these numbers been changing over time?

Funny you should ask. The graphs below (click on each image to get a PDF that lets you zoom in) illustrate the weekly changes of DKIM deployment in the various sample sets since these measurements started in October 2007:

DKIM deployment trends - click to zoom in (PDF)

This graph shows the same data as the one above, but zooms in on the interesting area:

DKIM deployment trends (magnified) - click to zoom in (PDF)

Significant jumps in the historic data (e.g., fall 2008 or spring 2009) are usually due to alexa.com changing what data they make available, or on tracking bugs having been fixed. The latter fixes are often based on suggestions of visitors to this page. See the acknowledgements below.

Download deployment trends as text: global cn de fi in jp kr uk us ietf

Acknowledgements and Changes